1. Preparing the food Seal the food by coating with flour, egg and breadcrumbs or batter. Do not use a basket with batter coated foods as they will stick. 2. Amount of oil For safety purposes fill the pan only one-third full of oil. 3. Testing the temperature of the oil It is advisable to use a thermometer to test the temperature of the oil. Alternatively, drop a small cube of bread into the oil which should brown in just under a minute if the oil is at the correct temperature of 190Â°C/375Â°F. 4. Cooking the food Lower the food gently into the oil. Do not add too much food at once or the temperature of the oil will be reduced and may result in soggy, greasy food. Turn the food if necessary; doughnuts float to the surface so will not brown on the upperside if not turned. Once cooked, drain the food on absorbent paper. 5. Double frying chips Double frying will ensure good chips. First fry the chips for a few minutes at 170Â°C/340Â°F to seal the outside. Remove the chips from the oil. Increase the temperature of the oil to 190Â°C/375Â°F to finish cooking and brown the chips. Chips may be kept for several hours after the first frying before finishing off with the second frying.
1. DO NOT use a pan that overlaps the perimeter of the hob trim. 2. To allow for a full rolling boil, the pan should be no more than one third full when all the ingredients have been added. It is better to use two pans rather than overfill one, or use half quantities. 3. Use firm fruit or vegetables and wash well before using. 4. Preserving sugar gives clear jam, however granulated sugar is cheaper and gives equally good flavour. 5. Crystallization may be caused if sugar is not completely dissolved before bringing jam to the boil. Over boiling will affect the flavour, setting properties and colour of the jam. 6. To test jam for setting: If a jam thermometer is available, boil jam to 104Â°C. Marmalade should be boiled to 106Â°C. If a thermometer is not available, remove pan from heat, place sample of jam on a cold dish and cool quickly (i.e. in a freezer or frozen food storage compartment of a refrigerator). When cold, it will crinkle and hold the mark of a finger run through it, if it is at setting point. 7. The scum should be removed as soon as possible from the surface of the preserve after setting point has been reached. Marmalade should be allowed to cool before potting to prevent the peel rising.